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    IELTS Writing – Tourism essay task

    Developing your linking and range of vocabulary 1

    Task:   

    The costs of international travel are decreasing and tourism is growing. What are the advantages and disadvantages of increasing tourism activity in different countries?

    What do you think?

    Now read the essay below:

    Sample essay:

    Over the last few decades, low cost airfares have made global travel ever more accessible and affordable. _____________, many countries have rapidly developed their tourism industries to cash in on this trend. _________ tourism brings many economic benefits to the countries that host international visitors, it also inevitably brings some disadvantages.

    _____________, an increase in the number of travellers to an area means a greater demand for new infrastructure and services __________ hotels, transport, restaurants and entertainment. _____________ more jobs and generates income for the local people. ___________, tourism can be viewed as a relatively “green” industry as it causes less pollution than industrial development. In fact, because tourists often come to see unspoilt natural scenery, residents may try harder to preserve their local landscape.

    ____________, an influx of visitors may also prove harmful for a region. ____________, people may lose their traditional culture due to adapting their lifestyle, customs, and language ___________ please tourists or because they become influenced by foreign cultures. This can cause stress in a traditional society and can lead to resentment towards travellers. _________, tourists often display expensive luxury items such as cameras and smartphones, making themselves good targets for theft. Some also cause problems through anti-social behaviour such as drunkenness or drug-taking, and crime can increase as a result.

    In conclusion, __________ international tourism brings advantages for the local people, economy and environment, it can have many drawbacks ________ not managed well. __________, a country should develop its tourism industry responsibly and sustainably, considering the long-term needs of the local residents. In this way, they will be able to minimise the negative impact as much as possible.

    2

    Cohesive devices – Linking phrases

    1. In addition
    2. On the other hand
    3. While
    4. such asThis leads to
    5. For instance
    6. On the positive side
    7. in order to
    8. Consequently
    9.  Although
    10.  In my view
    11.  if

    3

    Cohesive devices – Lexical chains

    How many words/phrases in the essay can you find that refer to:

    a)  the theme of tourism / tourists

    b)  the theme of local people

    IELTS Writing: Sample essay – complete (with linkers and lexical chains):

    Over the last few decades, low cost airfares have made global travel ever more accessible and affordable. Consequently, many countries have rapidly developed their tourism industries to cash in on this trend. While tourism brings many economic benefits to the countries that host international visitors, it also inevitably brings some disadvantages.

    On the positive side, an increase in the number of travellers to an area means a greater demand for new infrastructure and services such as hotels, transport, restaurants and entertainment. This leads to more jobs and generates income for the local people. Moreover, tourism can be viewed as a relatively “green” industry as it causes less pollution than industrial development. In fact, because tourists often come to see unspoilt natural scenery, residents may try harder to preserve their local landscape.

    On the other hand, an influx of visitors may also prove harmful for a region. For instance, people may lose their traditional culture due to adapting their lifestyle, customs, and language in order to please tourists or because they become influenced by foreign cultures. This can cause stress in a traditional society and can lead to resentment towards travellers. In addition, tourists often display expensive luxury items such as cameras and smartphones, making themselves good targets for theft. Some also cause problems through anti-social behaviour such as drunkenness or drug-taking, and crime can increase as a result.

    In conclusion, although international tourism brings advantages for the target destination’s economy and environment, it can have many drawbacks if not managed well. In my view, a country should develop its tourism industry responsibly and sustainably, considering the long-term needs of the local residents. In this way, they will be able to minimise the negative impact as much as possible.

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